Privacy By Design (PbD) was developed by former Ontario, Canada Information & Privacy Commissioner, Dr. Ann Cavoukian in the late 1990s. As a framework of foundational principles for protecting individual consumer’s data privacy rights, PbD’s promotion of strong privacy defaults, effective notice, and empowerment of user-friendly privacy options has been widely acclaimed by privacy professionals worldwide. Yet it would be wrong to say that the principles of PbD have been aggressively applied in actual practice. Why not?
The amended Act on the Protection of Personal Information (APPI) in Japan is going to introduce a legal scheme of “anonymously processed information” this year in order to facilitate high utilization of individuals’ information, while protecting privacy. This system can be made effective by implementing anonymous processing technology and its methods of operation in accordance with Privacy by Design.
Privacy by Design, a globally accepted framework for personal data management and privacy protection, advances the view that privacy cannot be assured solely by compliance with regulatory frameworks but must become an organisation’s default mode of operation. We are proposing a similar template for the research ethics review process.
Make no mistake, privacy is a necessary condition for both a prosperous and free society. However, ever since the tragic events of 11 September 2001 and the terrorist acts that have followed, privacy has been increasingly cast as an antagonist of public safety.