Surveillance is growing, as are the technologies that extend its reach. But surveillance that facilitates the sustained monitoring of people engaged in everyday activities in public is, in Justice Gérard La Forest’s unforgettable words, “an unthinkable prospect in a free and open society such as ours.”
There is great interest in how the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, Canada (IPC) has approached privacy and public safety issues, by bringing them together in a positive-sum manner. In this paper, the IPC shares its approach to applying Privacy by Design (PbD) which is relevant in the context of public safety and law enforcement, including the application of PbD to surveillance programs and the use of associated technologies.
Over the last two decades there has been an increase in the interest in, and uptake of, automated biometric systems. Biometrics are now commonly being integrated into a range of large and complex information communication technology systems and processes, and access to this data is becoming virtual rather than physical.
Last year, as part of improvements in the Responsible Gambling program, the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG) completed the implementation of facial recognition technology utilizing Biometric Encryption techniques in most of its casino facilities [1, 2]. Biometric Encryption or BE (a.k.a. biometric template protection, biometric crypto system, fuzzy extractor, etc.) is a process that binds a digital key to, or generates a key from, a biometric so that no biometric image or template is stored.