Surveillance is growing, as are the technologies that extend its reach. But surveillance that facilitates the sustained monitoring of people engaged in everyday activities in public is, in Justice Gérard La Forest’s unforgettable words, “an unthinkable prospect in a free and open society such as ours.”
There is great interest in how the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, Canada (IPC) has approached privacy and public safety issues, by bringing them together in a positive-sum manner. In this paper, the IPC shares its approach to applying Privacy by Design (PbD) which is relevant in the context of public safety and law enforcement, including the application of PbD to surveillance programs and the use of associated technologies.
Over the last two decades there has been an increase in the interest in, and uptake of, automated biometric systems. Biometrics are now commonly being integrated into a range of large and complex information communication technology systems and processes, and access to this data is becoming virtual rather than physical.
With the shift from industrial manufacturing to knowledge creation and service delivery, the value of information and the need to manage it responsibly have grown dramatically. At the same time, rapid innovation, global competition and increasing system complexity present profound challenges for informational privacy.